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Friday, November 18, 2011

Anatomy, Embryology, Histology Question

15 Marks Questions

1. Describe the anatomy of the tongue including its blood supply, lymph drainage, nerve supply and development. 
2. Describe the articular surface, ligaments, nerve supply, relations and movements of the temporomandibular joint. 
3. Write an essay on Tongue. Mention the muscles and nerve supply of the tongue. 
4. Co-relate the nerve supply and development of tongue. 
5. Mention the Nuclei of Facial nerve. Write in detail about the emergence, course, 
6. Branches and area of supply of the Facial nerve. Explain Bell’s palsy.

7. a) Define “Para-nasal air sinuses”. 
b) State the names of different air sinuses in the human body. 

8. Describe the “Maxillary air sinus” under the following headings: 
a. Situation 
b. Boundaries 
c. Communication 
d. Neuro vascular 
e. Supply 
f. Applied anatomy 

9. Name the “Muscles of mastication”. Tabulate them under the following headings: 
(i) Origin 
(ii) Course 
(iii) Insertion 
(iv) Blood supply 
(v) Nerve supply 
(vi) Action 

10. . Write in detail about parotid gland under the following headings: 
a. Situation, 
b. capsule, 
c. shape, 
d. relation, 
e. parotid duct, 
f. blood supply, 
g. nerve supply 
h. applied anatomy. 

11. Write in detail about larynx with reference to the extent, cartilages, ligaments, cavity, muscles, nerve supply and applied anatomy. 

10 Marks 

1. Name the paranasal air sinuses specifying their openings. Describe the maxillary air sinus in detail.
2. Name the types of cartilages. Describe hyaline cartilage giving the sites of occurrence.
3. Describe origin, course and distribution of mandibular nerve.
4. Describe the deep cervical Fascia.
5. Describe the thyroid gland under the following headings :
a) Capsule
b) Position and relations
c) Blood supply
d) Applied anatomy
e) Microscopic structure. (1+3+2+2+2=10)
6. Briefly describe the cartilages and interior of larynx. (5+5=10)
7. Describe the temporomandibular joint. What are the movements possible in this joint? Name the muscle causing the movements.
8. Describe the relations, tributaries and connections of the cavernous sinus.
9. Describe the blood supply and nerve supply of the Scalp.
10. Describe the boundaries and contents of middle ear.
11. Classify Dural Venous Sinuses. Write extent, relations, contents and
tributaries of Cavernous Sinus.
12. Describe origin, course, relations and branches of maxillary artery.
13. Describe the lateral wall of the Nasal Cavity
14. Describe the attachment, action and nerve supply of intrinsic muscles of the larynx.
15. Describe the origin, course and branches of mandibular nerve. Add a note on its applied anatomy


1. Otic ganglion.
2. Secretomotor pathway to parotid gland.
3. Facial artery.
4. Interpeduncular fossa.
5. Waldeyer’s ring.
6. Ansa cervicalis.
7. Diagastric Triangle.
8. Development of Tooth.
9. Floor of IVth Ventricle.
10. Describe the development of face.
11. Write briefly on third ventricle of brain.
12. Describe the origin, course and branches of facial artery.
13. Briefly describe the hyoid bone.
14. Define karyo typing. Add a note on the procedure used and significance
15. Describe the process of spermatogenesis. Draw a labelled diagram of sperm
16. Middle Cranial fossa.
17. Sternocleidomastoid.
18. Lingual Nerve.
19. Development of tooth. 
20. Facial artery in the face. 
21. Spheno – mandibular ligament. 
22. Internal Jugular vein. 
23. Inferior alveolar nerve. 
24. Investing layer of deep cervical fascia.
25. Contents of carotid triangle. 
26. Name the muscles of larynx. 
27. Transitional epithelium. 
28. Histology of cerebral cortex. 
29. Dental innervation. 
30. Name the blood vessels supplying thyroid gland. 
31. Cardiac muscle. 
32. Histology of an elastic artery. 
33. Ciliary ganglion. 
34. Neuron. 
35. Name the para-sympathetic ganglia. 
36. Draw the microscopic structure of “Hyaline cartilage” and name the parts. 
37. Name the various taste buds in the tongue. 
38. Cleft palate
39. Facial colliculus – How its formed? 
40. Buccinator. 
41. Parts of maxillary artery. 
42. Ciliary ganglion. 
43. Lateral wall of nose. 
44. Development of face. 
45. Histology of pituitary. 
46. Facial artery. 
47. Carotid sheath. 
48. Nerve supply of scalp. 
49. Soft palate. 
50. Development of parathyroids 
51. Thyroid cartilage 
52. Nerve supply of the submandibular gland 
53. Superior oblique muscle of the eye ball 
54. Microscopic structure of the tonsil 
55. Meckel’s cartilage 
56. Histology of a mixed peripheral nerve 
57. Lymphatic drainage of tongue 
58. Styloid apparatus 
59. Nasal septum 
60. Maxillary air sinus 
61. Microscopic structure of thyroid 
62. Development of tongue 
63. Vocal cords 
64. Lateral pterygoid 
65. Trachea 
66. Hyoglossus muscle 
67. Piriform fossa 
68. Development of upper lip 
69. Sensory nerve supply of face 
70. Microscopic structure of artery 
71. Extracranial part of Facial nerve 
72. Carotid triangle 
73. Emissary veins 
74. Lingual papillae 
75. Gross anatomy and development of palatine tonsil 
76. Deciduous teeth 
77. Vocal folds 
78. Cervical part of Trachea 
79. Orbicularis Oculi muscle 
80. Hyoid arch 
81. Microscopic structure of Hypophysis cerebri 
82. Ansa cervicalis 
83. Microscopic structure of liver 
84. Derivatives of hyoid arch 
85. Ciliary ganglion 
86. Name the muscles supplied by spinal accessory nerve. 
87. Mention the sensory nerves supplying the mucosa of tongue. 
88. Dangerous area of the scalp. 
89. Name any four contents of carotid triangle. 
90. Adductor and Abductor of vocal cords and their nerve supply. 
91. Development of face 
92. Hyoglossus muscle 
93. Cavernous sinus 
94. Microscopic picture of pancreas 
95. Name the structures pierced by parotid duct. 
96. Nerve supply and actions sternocleidomastoid muscle 
97. What are the layers of cervical fascia? 
98. What is Bell’s Palsy? 
99. Mention four structures passing through superior orbital fissure. 
100. Tentorium cerebelli 
101. Histology of lymph node 
102. Recurrent laryngeal Nerve 
103. Nasal septum 
104. Facial colliculus 
105. Tubotympanic recess 
106. Supraclavicular lymph node 
107. Cisterna magna 
108. Parotid duct 
109. Facial artery 
110. Developmental anomalies of the Face 
111. Digastric muscle 
112. External Jugular vein 
113. Pharyngotympanic tube(Auditory tube) 
114. Development of tongue 
115. Microscopic structure of lymph node 
116. Sensory nerve supply of face 
117. Hypoglossal nerve in the neck 
118. Microscopic structure of Hyaline cartilage 
119. Suboccipital triangle 
120. Cricoid cartilage 
121. Development Tongue 
122. Histology of Kidney 
123. Cervical Lymph Nodes 
124. Lingual Nerve 
125. Microscopic structure of Thymus 
126. Development of Deciduous teeth 
127. Internal Jugular vein 
128. Maxillary artery 
129. Soft Palate 
130. Tympanic membrane 
131. Deep cervical lymph nodes 
132. Histology of liver 
133. Development of the thyroid gland 
134. Pituitary gland 
135. Histology of thymusb 
136. Development of the mandible 
137. Boundaries and contents of carotid triangle 
138. Nerve supply to the scalp 

Very Short 2 Marks 

1. Hare lip 
2. Olivary Nucleus 
3. Facial vein 
4. Vocal cord 
5. Soft palate – (only its muscles and their Nerve Supply) 
6. Crico-thyroid muscle 
7. Muscles derived from first pharyngeal arch 
8. Otic ganglion 
9. Lingual nerve 
10. Tonsil 
11. Lymphatic drainage of tongue 
12. Histology of fibro cartilage 
13. Development of thymus 
14. Blood supply to the heart 
15. Dangerous area of the face 

2. Histology of kidney 3. Development of face and its anomalies 4. Hyoglossus muscle 5) Carotid sheath 
Write brief answers on: 2 x 5 =10marks; 
6. Rima glottidis 7. Histology of elastic cartilage 8. Development and nerve supply of digastric muscles 
9. Temporary (milk) teeth 10.Secretomotor supply to Lacrimal gland 
11. Describe the blood supply, relations and development of thyroid gland (3+3+3) 
Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16marks; 
12. Histology of lymph node 13. Cricoid cartilage 14. Development of tooth 15. Sternocleidomastoid muscle 

Write brief answers on: 2 x 5 =10marks 
16. Atlanto axial joint 17.Lungs 18. Chorda tympani nerve 19.Parotid duct 20.Lymphatic drainage of tongue 

1. Describe the nerve supply and blood supply to the face. Add a note on facial palsy. (4+3+2=9marks) 
Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16marks; 
2. Histology of pancreas 3. Development of palate and its anomalies 4. Paranasal air sunus 5. Mylohyoid muscles 
Write brief answers on: 2 x 5 =10marks; 
6. Rima vestibuli 7. Nerve supply to the auricle (pinna) 8. Bones derived from second pharyngeal arch 
9. Spinomandibular ligament 10. Platysma 

11. Describe the relations, blood supply, nerve supply and development of parotid gland (3+2+2+2=9marks) 
Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16marks 
12. Histology of bone 13.Development of tongue 14.Ansa cervicalis 15. Thyroid Cartilage 
Write brief answers on: 2 x 5 =10marks 
16. Molar teeth 17. Styloid process 18. Histology of tonsil 19.Vocal cards 20.Zygomaticus major 

OCTOBER, 2004.  
1. Describe the anatomy, histology, blood supply and nerve supply of submandibular salivary gland (3+2+2+2=9m) 
2. Write short notes on: 4 x 4 =16m; a) Thyroid gland follicle b) Adrenal cortex zone fasiculatum c) Deglutination d) Bells Palsy 
3. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10marks; a) Write any four structures passing through the jugular foramen b) Pterion c) Development of upper lip d) Sensory nerve supply of tongue e) Histology of lymph node 
4. Describe the relations, tributaries and connections of cavernous sinus. Add a note on applied anatomy (2+2+2+3) 
5. Write short notes on: 4 x 4 =16marks; a) Carotid sheath b) Facial artery c) Derivatives of first pharyngeal arch d) Meckel’s cartilage 
6. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10marks; a) Suprasternal space (Burn’s) b) Atlanto-occipital joint 
c) Muscles attached to the ramus of the mandible d) Extrinsic and intrinsic muscle of eye e) Graafian follicle 

APRIL/MAY, 2004. 
1. Write the origin, course and branches of facial nerve. Write a note on dangerous area of the face (2+3+2+2) 
2. Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16marks 
a) Development of Tongue b) Foramens of Middle cranial fossa c) Pyriform recess d) Histology of liver 
3. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10marks; a) Vocal cords b) Branches of Trigeminal nerve c)Derivative of second branchial arch d)Circle of Willis e)Name the muscles of mastication (Major and Minor) 

4. Give the anatomy, position and relations of TMJ. Write briefly about the movements of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ0 (2+2+2+3) 
5. Write briefly on: 4 x 4 =16marks; a) Haversian system b) Lymphatic drainage of head and neck c) Functions of saliva d) Sphenoidal sinus. 
6. Write short notes on: 5 x 2=10marks; a) Microscopic structure of Trachea b) Histology of Hyaline cartilage c) Anatomy of Parotid gland d) Development of oral mucosa e) Spinal cord. 

OCTOBER, 2003. (N.R.) 
1. Describe the anatomical features of the lateral wall of the nose and nasal septum. 5+4=9marks 
2. Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16marks; a) Otic ganglion b) Hypoglossal nerve c) Derivatives of second pharyngeal arch d) Developmental anomalies of the lip 
3. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10marks; a) Mention the paranasal air sinuses b) Chambers of heart c) Down’s syndrome d) Cervical sympathetic chain e) Barr bodies 
4. Describe the different types of scalp and their nerve supply. (5+4=9marks) 
5. Write short notes on: 4 x 4 =16marks; 
a) Derivatives of first to fourth endodermal pouches of pharynx and ultimobranchial bodies. b) Attachment and relations of hyoglossus muscle c) Meckel’s cartilage d) Histological features of a medium sized artery. 
6. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10m; a) Histology of anterior pituitary b) Name the branches of External carotid artery c) Four structures attached to styloid process d) Different papillae present on the tongue e) Auditory tube. 

APRIL, 2003. (N.R.) 
1. Describe the temporo-mandibular joint under the following: 
Headings: Bones talking part, Ligaments and Muscles producing movements. (2+3+4=9marks) 
2. Write short notes on: 4 x 4 =16marks 
a) External jugular vein b) Blood supply and development of thyroid gland c) Microscopic structure of medium sized artery d) Nasopharynx 
3. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10marks 
a) Erb’s point b) Name four paired dural venous sinuses c) Contents of carotid sheath d) Nerve supply of tensor palati and levator palati muscles e) Enumerate paranasal air sinuses 
4. Describe the gross anatomy, microscopic structure and nerve supply of parotid salivary gland (3+3+3=9marks) 
5. Write short notes on: 4 x 4 =a) Circle of Willis b) Derivatives of second branchial arch c) Lingual nerve d) Microscopic structure of bone 
6. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10marks 
a) Name the cranial nerves which are sensory and motor to the face. b) Mastoid process c) Vocal cord 
d) Transitional epithelium e) Nerve supply and action of buccinator muscle 

OCTOBER, 2002. 
1. Describe the course, branches and distribution of mandibular division of Trigeminal nerve (3 + 3 +3=9m) 
2. Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16marks a) Lacrimal Apparatus b) Cleft Lip c) Lingual Artery d) Microscopic structure and development of parathyroid glands 
3. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10marks a) Ansa Cervicalis b) Hernia c) Dangerous area of Scalp d) Name the cartilages of larynx e) Styloid Apparatus 
4. Describe the anatomy, nerve supply and lymphatic drainage of tongue =9marks 
5. Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16 a) Pterygoid plexus of veins b) Microscopic Structure of Lymph Node 
c) Development of Hypophysis Cerebri d) Supra Sternal Space 
6. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10m a) Structures pierced by the Parotid Duct b) Meckel’s Cartilage c) Central artery of Retina d) Pharyngeal Plexus e) Name the bones ossified in membrane 

1. Describe the attachments, actions and nerve supply of muscles of mastication (4+4+1=9marks) 
2. Write short answers on: 4 x 4 =16marks 
a) Facial artery b) Microscopic anatomy and development of Tonsil c) Subclavian Triangle d) Microscopic structure of Hyaline cartilage 
3. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10 a) Oral diaphragm b) Spheno Mandibular Ligament c) Conducting system of heart d) Four components of deep cervical fascia e) Processes of duramater of Brain 
4. Describe the position, relations, microscopic structure & applied anatomy of thyroid gland = 9marks) 
5. Write short notes on: 4 x 4 =16m a) Oblique Facial Cleft b) Inferior Alveolar Nerve c) Maxillary Air Sinus d) Middle Meningeal Artery 
6. Write briefly on: 5 x 2 =10m a) Derivatives of third Pharyngeal Pouch b) Types of Synovial Joints c) Middle ear Ossicles d) Significance of Pyriform Fossa e) Pre maxilla 

February, 2002 
1. Describe the origin, insertion, nerve supply and action of muscles of mastication =10marks 
2. Write short notes on: 6 x 5 =30marks 
a) Naso Pharynx b) Development of Palate c) Microscopic appearance of Parotid Salivary Gland 
d) Circle of Willis e) Epithelium f) Auditory tube 
3. Classify Dural Venous Sinuses. Write in detail about the Cavernous sinus =10marks 
4. Write short notes on: 6 x 5 =30m a) Microscopic appearance of Thyroid Gland b) Nasal Septum 
c) Development of Tooth d) Lingual Artery e) Cervical Plexus f) Waldeyer’s Ring 

1. Enumerate contents of Infratemporal Fossa. Write in detail about the mandibular nerve =10marks 
2. Short Notes: a) Thyroglossal Duct b) Microscopic structure of Bone c) Facial Artery d) Falx Cerebri 
e) Danger area of scalp f) Palatine Tonsil =6x5=30marks 
3. Name the para nasal air sinuses and write in detail about the Maxillary sinus =10marks 
4. Short Notes: a) Meckel’s cartilage b) Spinal cord c) Microscopic structure of pancreas d) Mylohyoid muscle e) Trachea f) Piriform recess =6x5=30marks 

FEBRUARY, 2001. 
1. Describe the Temporo-mandibular Joint in detail –10marks 
2. Short Notes:a) Lingual Artery b)Tympanic membrane c) Microscopic structure of Parotid salivary gland 
d) Digastric muscle e) Dangerous area of scalp f) Nerve supply and development of Tongue-6x5=30m 
3. Describe the cavernous sinus and its applied Anatomy –10marks 
4. Short notes: a) Buccinator b) Microscopic Anatomy of Elastic cartilage c) Nasopharynx d) Subclavian triangle e) Carotid sheath f) Pterygopalatine Ganglion =6x5=30marks 

FEBRUARY, 2000. 
1. Discuss the development of face and mention the developmental anomalies of the face =10marks 
2. Write short notes on: 6x5=30marks 
a) Inferior constrictor muscle b) Vocal cords c) Emissery veins d) Lingual nerve e) Lymphatic drainage of Tongue f) Microscopic structure of skeletal muscle 
3. Describe the gross anatomy, blood supply and development of pituitary gland =10marks 
4. Write short notes on: 6x5=30marks 
a) Superior sagittal sinus b) Microscopic structure of Thymus c) Tympanic membrane d) Middle cerebral artery e) Thyroid cartilage f) Derivities of the second pharyngeal arch 

OCTOBER, 1999 
1. Classify the dural venous sinuses. Describe the Cavernous sinus =10marks 
2. Write short notes on: 6x5=30marks 
a) Pretracheal fascia b) Maxillary Sinus c) Development of Palate d) Buccinator muscle e) Internal features of Nasopharynx f) Microscopic structure of large artery 
3. Describe the gross anatomy, blood supply and nerve supply of parotid gland =10marks 
4. Write short notes on: 6x5=30marks 
a) Trochloear Nerve b) Thyrohyoid membrane c) Microscopic structure of suprarenal gland d) Periosteum e) Enlargements of spinal cord f) Facial vein 

APRIL, 1999. 
1. Define muscles of mastication. Describe attachements, relations and actions of Pterygoid muscles =10marks 
2. Write short notes on: 6x5=30marks 
a) Vertebral artery b) Ciliary ganglion c) Carotid sheath d) Nerve supply of soft palate e) Tentorium cerebelli f) Microscopic structure of Tonsil 
3. Describe the Temporomandibular joint =10marks 
4. Write short notes on: 6x5=30marks 
a) Right recurrent laryngeal nerve b) Blood supply of thyroid gland c) Floor of the fourth ventricle of Brain 
d) Microscopic structure of Bone e) Derivatives of Pharyngeal pouches f) Mastoid process 

OCTOBER, 1998. 
1. Describe the gross anatomy, applied anatomy and microscopic structure of the parotid salivary gland =10m 
2. Write short notes on: 6x5=30marks 
a) Epiglottis b) Lateral pterygoid muscle c) Development of the thyroid gland d) Microscopic structure of Bone e) Maxillary air sinus f) Sensory nerve supply of face 
3. Describe the nerve supply of the face =10marks 

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